In view of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), signed in Geneva in 1947, and the world trade organization (WTO) agreement signed in Marrakech in 1994 (OJ L 1994, p. The European Union and its Member States act in accordance with Article 207 (Common Trade Policy) and Articles 217 and 218 (International Agreements) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (5.2.2). On 18 July 2017, India and China jointly submitted a proposal to the World Trade Organization (WTO) calling for industrialized countries to eliminate the most trade-distorting form of agricultural subsidy, known as the “WTO aggregate support measure” or “Amber Box,” to discuss other reforms in the domestic aid negotiations.  The reform of the 1992 CAP should in part facilitate the signing of the agricultural agreement under the Uruguay Round. As a result, the European Union has largely complied with the commitments made in Marrakech. This isolation of domestic markets was partly the result of measures originally taken following the collapse in commodity prices in the 1930s. In addition, after the Second World War, many governments focused on increasing agricultural production on the national territory in order to feed their growing population. To this end, and to maintain a certain balance between the development of rural and urban incomes, many countries, particularly in industrialized countries, have resorted to supporting market prices for agricultural prices. Barriers to entry have kept the sale of domestic production going. In response to these measures and due to productivity gains, self-sufficiency rates have increased rapidly. In a number of cases, the expansion of domestic production of some agricultural products has not only completely replaced imports, but has led to structural surpluses.
Export subsidies have been increasingly used to throw surpluses into the world market, driving down world prices.